The Myth of Anubis and Bastet

The Myth of Anubis and Bastet

The myth of Anubis and Bastet is quite an interesting one. But before we get to it, you must first know a couple of things about both Anubis and Bastet. First of all, in ancient Egypt, Anubis was the most important god of the dead. He either appears in full animal form as a jackal or as a human with a jackal head. In Ancient Egypt, jackals were a threat to burial rites. This is because they scavenged and dug up the holes to uncover the bodies. Therefore, who better to fight a jackal than a jackal?

Anubis had more roles than you would think. He was the god of mummification, dogs, the poor, of lost souls, funeral rites, embalming, war, graveyards and the afterlife. After one died, Anubis was the one that took their soul to the Afterlife. Finally, he was also the Guardian of the Scales, basically weighing the hearts of the dead. Ancient Egyptians believed that good deeds made the heart heavier while evil made it lighter. If your heart was heavy enough, you could go to the Land of the Reeds.

The Myth of Anubis and BastetThe Myth of Anubis and Baste

Bastet was originally portrayed as a lioness sun goddess. However, she quickly evolved into the cat goddess that we know today. She was a warrior deity, protecting both the human pharaoh as well as the high god Ra. Just like Anubis, she also had more than one role. She was the goddess of dance, joy, the home sex, love, childbirth, domestic life, cats, warfare and secrets. You might be interested also in Sekhmet and Bastet.

Her transformation into a cat goddess increased her influence in Egyptian mythology. Because, as we all know, the Egyptians worshiped cats a whole lot. Mostly because of their ability to kill mice and snakes. Cats were also very protective of their offsprings. Women who wanted children even took to wearing her amulet around their necks.

Now, about the myth of Anubis and Bastes, it mostly has to do with their relationship. Anubis is the son of Ra. However, his mother could either be Hesat, the cow goddess, or Bastet. But Bastet is also Ra’s daughter in certain myths. This complicates things a little, and makes the two’s relationship a bit complicated.

 

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