Anemoi, the Four Deities of the Wind

Anemoi, the Four Deities of the Wind

The Anemoi were the four gods of wind from the Greek mythology. Each of them corresponds to one of the four cardinal directions. They were all the sons of Aeolus, the Keeper of the Winds, and Eos, the Titan of the dawn. Their names were: Boreas, Eurus, Notus and Zephyrus.

Boreas was and old, bearded man with wings, holding onto a conch shell. People associated him with winter, and he brought on cold winds and low temperatures. Notus was the one that brough hot winds that blew after midsummer. However, he also caused the crops to burn during the summer and caused draughts. Eurus was an unlucky east wind and he brought rain. Lastly, Zephyrus was the one that lived in a cave in Thrace. Out of the four brothers, he was the gentlest wind, associated with spring. He was the one responsible for the blooming of the land.

Boreas had a close association with horses. He was the one that fathered twelve colts after he took on the form of a stallion. These horses had special powers and could run across a field without trampling any plant.

Anemoi, the Four Deities of the WindAnemoi, the Four Deities of the Win

Zephyrus was the one that had the gentlest winds and he had numerous wives. He was the husband of Iris, the goddess of the rainbow. He was also a husband to Chloris and he gifted her a whole domain of flowers. Another myth surrounding him tells how he fell in love with Hyacinth, a Spartan prince. He started courting him, but so did Apollo, and the two competed for the man’s love. Unfortunately, the man chose Apollo, driving Zephyrus mad with jealousy.

Later, catching Apollo and Hyacinth throwing a discus, Zephyrus blew a gust of wind at them. This caused the discus to strike Hyacinth in the head and he died. Apollo created the hyacinth flower out of his blood and then swore revenge on Zephyrus.

To sum up, the Anemoi were not benevolent deities in the least, and could wreck havoc and go on a rampage at the shortest notice.

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